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How Is Laminate Flooring Made?

In this modern day, laminate flooring is one of the most popular types of flooring on the market - and not without good reason. Laminate floors are hard-wearing, versatile, and affordably-priced, yet they also look fantastic, with a variety of textures and tones to choose from. Whether you want a traditional wood or tile look or something completely unique and off-the-wall, there's sure to be a laminate to suit your style.

So how is laminate flooring made? How do manufacturers achieve such a high level of durability while also creating a product that looks great and costs relatively little? Today, we will be helping you answer these questions - so pour yourself a cup of tea, and get ready to find out just how laminate flooring is made.  

What is laminate flooring made of? 

Laminate flooring consists of four different components that are bonded together (see image above). Each material plays a different part in making laminate flooring.

  • First Layer: Balance Paper
    This protects the subfloor from moisture and gives the laminate floorboards added stability.
  • Second Layer: Core Board
    This second layer is usually made from HDF (high-density fibreboard) or particle board and serves as the sturdy core of the flooring plank, providing density and moisture resistance.
  • Third Layer: Decorative Paper
    This third layer is a high-resolution printed photograph of either wood, ceramic, stone or patterned flooring. This part is done so well nowadays that it makes high-quality laminate flooring look almost indistinguishable from the material (solid oak, for example) that it is trying to emulate.
  • Fourth Layer: Wear Layer 
    This durable transparent wear layer usually contains aluminium oxide and melamine resin. It gives the laminate flooring a tough, hard-wearing finish that can stand up to the hustle and bustle of daily life.

How is Laminate Flooring Made?

Laminate flooring is made using the following high-pressure process:

  1. Firstly, the different layers are stacked together precisely in large sheets. 

  2. Next, machines are used to apply a large amount of pressure and heat onto the stacked materials. Temperatures must usually reach approximately 400 degrees Fahrenheit (204°C) in order to secure the materials together.

  3. Finally, the freshly-made laminate flooring is allowed to cool off. Once it reaches room temperature, it can then be cut into planks and shipped straight to your front door.

And that's how laminate flooring is made!

Browse our Laminate Flooring range now, or feel free to contact us if you have any further questions.